LACUNY Institute 2005
Scholarly Publishing and Open Access: Payers and Players
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2005 LACUNY Institute Program:
Breakout Sessions

The Research Impact of Open Access Articles

Kristin Antelman
Associate Director for Information Technology
North Carolina State University Libraries

Numerous experiments with institutional repositories have demonstrated that "build it and they will come" does not work; scholars need incentives to participate. At the same time, some scholars are-and have been for some time-posting their articles to the open web, either in disciplinary repositories or on their own webpages. Demonstrating that these articles have a greater research impact than "toll-only" articles is a potentially powerful argument to bring to faculty to increase their awareness of and interest in open access.

This session will discuss the question of increased research impact for open access. We will also try to get beyond measuring that increased impact to look at some of the reasons why open access articles might have a greater research impact and how traditional disciplinary practices are affecting author behavior.

PDF presentation

Kristin Antelman is Associate Director for Information Technology at NCSU Libraries. Prior to joining NCSU in 2002, she was Head of Systems and Networking at the University of Arizona Health Sciences Library. She received her MLS from the University of Chicago in 1998. She is the author of “Do Open Access Articles Have Greater Research Impact?” College & Research Libraries 65:5 (2004).

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How the Success of Open Access Publishing Can Stimulate Improved Access to Grey Literature

Marcus Banks
Frederick L. Ehrman Medical Library
New York University School of Medicine

Open access publishing has begun to enhance the availability of research published in peer-reviewed journals, and has a bright future. Librarians have been essential advocates for open access, both as a means of controlling subscription costs and in support of the principle that scholarly research deserves the broadest level of dissemination possible.

Valuable grey literature also deserves extensive exposure, but in too many cases it languishes unnoticed. Just as librarians led the struggle for improved financial access to scholarly research, we should advocate for improved bibliographic access to grey literature. Such a development would greatly enhance our ability to provide a full range of resources for teaching, learning, and research.

This paper will demonstrate that the emerging success of open access publishing provides a model for improved access to grey literature. It will describe pioneering efforts to provide access to grey literature, and recommend ways to build upon these initiatives. Finally, it will argue that the evolution of electronic scholarship will eventually collapse the distinction between grey and non-grey literature.

PowerPoint presentation

Marcus Banks earned his MLIS from Dominican University in 2002. He was an Associate Fellow of the National Library of Medicine (NLM) from 2002-2004, completing one year at NLM and an external fellowship at Georgetown University's Dahlgren Memorial Library. He is now part of the library faculty at New York University Medical Center, and an active member of the Medical Library Association.

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The Dilemma of Access: Describing Open Access Journals with MARC and [Other] Metadata Schemes

Monica Berger
Technical Services/Electronic Resources Librarian
New York City College of Technology

Gloria Rohmann
Head of Media & Electronic Services
New York University

How do we identify, access and describe open access journals and why should we care? This session is for electronic resources, metadata, cataloging and serials librarians who want to consider the "big picture" of bibliographical control and how open access journals are endemic of a broader trend towards an entropic but user-centered universe [see Google Scholar] and away from a librarian-centered universe [see OCLC and the library catalog].

Who takes responsibility for the bibliographic stewardship of open access journals? Does that stewardship also include working with metadata librarians and catalogers to assure the creation and maintenance of bibliographic records for open access journals in bibliographic utilities? Is the national union catalog being replaced by Google?

The presenters will offer a brief overview of the standards and schemes that are currently in use to describe, identify and interlink ejournals at various levels including Open URLs, DOI and metadata schemes including new ones that harmonize with MARC such as MARCXML, METS and MODS. They will take a look at some of the efforts to harvest open access content such as OAIster.

The presenters will look at the nuts and bolts of how different schools manage their ejournal collections. They will also consider efforts to map non-MARC metadata back into the catalog such as the University of British Columbia's CUFTS and Cornell's ejournal metadata harvesting projects. How do libraries identify and describe open access journals?

The presenters will conclude with a discussion on how user behaviors play into where we focus our efforts in description and the role of the online catalog.

PowerPoint presentation

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Going in Reverse to Go Forward

Stewart Bodner
Helen Bernstein Chief Librarian for Periodicals and Journals & Associate Chief of the General Research Division
New York Public Library

The Research Libraries of the New York Public Library are not considered ideal candidates for developing an Institutional Repository. Yet, the Research Libraries house documents that fit into the framework of the institutional repository model. The session will outline the guiding philosophical principles behind the development of a repository as well as describe the unique materials that libraries should retain to meet the research needs of future generations.

PowerPoint presentation

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Digital Archiving: A FEDORA-based Infrastructure to Preserve Electronic Journal Articles

Ronald Jantz
Data Librarian
Scholarly Communication Center
Archibald S. Alexander Library
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

Over the past several years, Rutgers University Libraries (RUL) has been implementing an architecture and infrastructure for a digital library repository (DLR) and for digital archiving and preservation. These efforts have been informed by prototyping and development activities undertaken by the Scholarly Communication Center and Technical Systems of RUL. The objectives have been twofold: 1) To provide seamless, perpetual access to digital collections -- our resources and the resources of others, and 2) To create a flexible framework of "core" capabilities providing the enabling infrastructure and supporting both interoperability, and sustainability. For the DLR, the designers wanted an open extensible framework that would allow them to grow with the ever evolving needs of the University and to keep pace with technological advancements. For digital preservation, they wanted an infrastructure that would allow us to preserve the digital surrogates and born-digital objects for many different types of formats including books, journal articles, maps, photographs, scientific data and multimedia. This paper will describe the basic architecture and infrastructure that the designers are developing and which is based on FEDORA (Flexible Extensible Digital Object Repository Architecture). The paper will further describe how they are building on FEDORA to provide a digital archiving capability for all types of resources. As an example, RUL's recently implemented journal publishing platform will be briefly described with discussion on how both journal articles and the journal websites are archived in the digital repository.

PowerPoint presentation

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Evaluating Means for Opportunities in Open Access Publishing at a Mid-Sized Private University

Edward Keane
Periodicals Librarian
Assistant Professor
Long Island University

The presenter documents which means are successful and which aren't in educating library faculty and other departments about the benefits of, and reasons for, open access publishing. At the end of January 2005 he distributed a memo and "all-user" email to the faculty briefly outlining the major arguments for individuals to participate as authors and institutions to participate as repositories. He addressed the Senate Faculty on the issue and invited himself to individual faculty meetings. He identifies the need for administration "enlightenment" and will mention what administration opinions or policies exist regarding open access. The paper is a start-to finish examination, a how-to study focusing on a single institution where little is known of open access.

Edward Keane is the Periodicals Librarian and Database Coordinator at Long University’s Brooklyn Campus since 2002. He has also worked as a Reference Librarian at LIU, and prior to that in Reference for four years in the Queens Borough Public Library system. Besides managing the print collection and participating in the selection of electronic resources at Brooklyn, Professor Keane is a contributor to the Charleston Advisor, a source for critical reviews of web products, and became interested in the Open Access publishing movement while attending at the last two annual Charleston Conferences.

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Designing for the Discipline: Open Libraries and Scholarly Communication

Thomas Krichel
Assistant Professor
Palmer School
C.W. Post, Long Island University

While a lot has been written about open access, little has been achieved to date. Much of the written work adopts a cross-discipline, general perspective. Scholarly communication, however, is conducted within communities of scholars. Each community is sufficiently different in a way that no single theory will fit all, and no action will work on all of them.

To introduce an old but successful example, the presenter will illustrate the work of RePEc. This is a large distributed academic digital library for the economics community. He is the creator and principal architect of the system. He will illustrate the vision and thinking behind the system, as well as some practical behind-the-scenes insight. He insists on special features such as access logging and the author registration.

The presenter is also involved in setting up a clone of RePEc called rclis. "rclis" is pronounced as "reckless" but stands for "Research in Computing and Library and Information Science". It is his attempt to build a system that is similar to RePEc but adopted to a new target group. He will discuss systems such as DoIS and DoCIS, as well as E-LIS. He will also give a rough outline of the things that need to be done.

Made in Germany in 1965, Thomas Krichel studied Economics and Social Sciences at the universities of Toulouse, Paris, Exeter and Leicester. Between February 1993 and April 2001 he lectured in the Department of Economics at the University of Surrey. In 1993 he founded NetEc, a consortium of Internet projects for academic economists. In 1997, he founded the RePEc dataset to document Economics. Since 2001, he is an assistant professor at the Palmer School of Library and Information Science at Long Island University.

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Scholarly Publishing & Open Access within CUNY: One Faculty Looks at Changing the Paradigm

Philip Pecorino
Queensborough Community College , City University of New York CUNY
Chairperson of the CUNY University Faculty Senate (UFS), Libraries and Information Technologies Committee
Chairperson of the UFS Committee on Faculty Academic Websites
CUNY Intellectual Property Committee
CUNY Information Technology Steering Committee
CUNY Steering Committee for Online Resources and Education
CUNY Task Force on Computer Use and Privacy

The author reports on what brought him as a CUNY faculty member to the position that he holds on Open Access as a new paradigm for scholarly publication and dissemination of information, knowledge and creations. He relates his experiences in bringing this topic to the attention of his CUNY colleagues and his understanding of what may happen in the future at CUNY as a response to the open access model. He will also relate his current efforts related to the archiving of the academic creations of faculty and of governance materials.

He will share his views on tenure and promotion review related to open access and how this has been discussed by CUNY administrators and faculty and briefly touch on intellectual property issues related to open access.